Wheeling West Virgina History
Eight Ohio Valley residents, including two from Belmont County, were recognized as West Virginia History Heroes. On Friday, January 27, the West Virginia Historical Society of the US Army Corps of Engineers visited Wheeling to present the local recipients with their awards for their service to the state.
Born and raised in Wheeling, WV, he was also a member of the West Virginia Historical Society and the Ohio Valley History Society. He studied at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill's College of Arts and Sciences and is also the author of a book, "Wheeling West Virginian: History, Culture, and Culture in the United States," which Gorby wrote to inform the work and programs of Wheeling Heritage.
Several West Virginia cities served as capitals for the state of West Virginia, with the capital currently located in Charleston. Kemble also had the honor of designing the State Capitol building in Wheeling, WV, when the city of Wheeling had wrested the state government's headquarters.
When the proposed state's constitution was completed in 1862, the name was changed to West Virginia. The state's amended constitution was overwhelmingly approved by voters on March 26, and in April Lincoln authorized it to become the 35th state on June 20, 1863.
More importantly, after the Virginia people had voted to secede, the War Department cut the leash on Lincoln's volunteers from Ohio and Indiana, who crossed the Ohio River and joined forces to form the Union's 1st Virginia Infantry at Wheeling Island. Pierpont moved the restored Virginia government from Alexandria and later Richmond to administer the Union-controlled territory in the East and the mountains.
After what the Indians called the Bulltown Massacre, Shawnee Chief Cornstalk, who had conducted numerous raids on settlers in West Virginia in the past, began to organize Indians to drive the whites out of their territory. For the rest of the war, the settlers of West Virginia were terrorised by raids on Native Americans and other tribes from Ohio, Indiana and Kentucky. The village was commonly known as Chillicothe and served as an important commercial and trade center between the Indian nation and the United States of America in West Va., as well as an important commercial center.
The highest concentration was in the Eastern Panhandle, where slaves used for agricultural labor made up about one-third of West Virginia's total population, and in the Southeast, where the Virginia-Tennessee railroad recently opened the mountains to slave-based agriculture.
The national road arrived in Wheeling in 1864 and connected the Ohio River with the Potomac River, allowing the best of the Ohio Valley to flow to Wheeling and further east. Western rivers flowed into the river, boosting the economies of West Virginia and its neighboring states of Virginia, North Carolina and Maryland.
John W. Garrett, whom Lincoln called "the right arm of the federal government," urged Congress to preserve the railroad for as long as possible before accepting West Virginia. The US House of Representatives, the Senate and the Senate of the United States all voted against secession from the Union and voted to keep Virginia in the Union. This created an opportunity for the United States to quickly welcome the new state of West Virginia. It was considered the largest bill ever to pass the Senate, covering all of Virginia, North Carolina, Maryland, Delaware, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Connecticut and Delaware.
After Virginia joined the Confederacy in April 1861, the western part of the state remained loyal to the Union and began the process of separation. The city became the first of several western areas to secede from Virginia, along with Richmond and the cities of Roanoke and Charlottesville.
When the Virginia Legislature ratified the surveyor's proposal to extend the Mason-Dixon Line on October 8, 1785, Virginia lost almost all of Youghiogheny County and the rest was assigned to Ohio and Ohio counties. In 1787, the United States gave Virginia part of the land west of the Appalachians to settle its claims. Virginia split from the Union in early 1861, and 56 West Virginia delegates met in Wheeling and declared independence from Virginia, leading to the creation of West Virginia. After secession and during the Civil War, Wheeling hosted a conference that led to the establishment of a reorganized Virginia government by unionists.
The Germans of Wheeling played a role in the original separation movement from Virginia and organized the First West Virginia Artillery to oppose the Confederacy. The city played a role in a series of battles in and around the city during the Civil War, culminating in its becoming the first capital of the United States in 1863. It served as the temporary capital of Virginia's restored government from 1861 to 1863, and provided a venue for heated political debate and a constitutional convention that led to the eventual statehood of West Virginia in 1861, serving as its Union-aligned capital. After it split from Virginia and was admitted as an independent member of the Union in 1862, the city of Charleston, Virginia, and the state's capital, Charleston City, became the "first capital" of West Virginia.